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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

  1. The article must be sound in empirical or theoretical contributions not previously published or submitted for review elsewhere.
  2. The manuscript should not exceed 30 pages in length. This limit includes reference lists, figures, appendices, and tables.
  3. The first page of the article should contain the title of the paper, name(s) and affiliation(s) of the author(s), abstract, JEL classification according to the Classification System for Journal Articles as used by the Journal of Economic Literature, no more than seven key words, and acknowledgment, if any.
  4. The manuscript should preferably contain three parts with research questions posed in the first part in the background section, theoretical foundation, empirical evidences, and logical judgments in the middle part, and the prescribed policy actions at the end. The end part must be at least one page long with clear outlines of the recommended policy actions as consistent with the contribution of the research which should also demonstrate the potential measurable impacts in enhancing people’s socio-economic conditions.
  5. The paper must be written in good English (American or British but not the mixture of them) and properly edited for spelling errors and typos. 

Further Editing Guidelines

The manuscript should be written as per APA Guidelines, 6th edition to ensure the correct formatting procedure and some of them have been outlined below. These are the minimum editing requirements to proceed ahead with your manuscript after your submission. 

  1. Page Margin (for all pages): Right: 1 inch, Left: 1 inch, Top: 1 inch, Bottom: 1 inch
  2. Title Page
  • Title: Title Case (NO bold), Font-size: 14 (Title Case: Capitalize the first letter of ALL words in the title)
  • Full author name/s and with affiliation/s on the footnote (affiliation must contain full address including the country, telephone number with country and area codes, and e-mail address. In the case of more than two authors, indicate one of them as a corresponding author marking as ‘corresponding author’ within parenthesis just before the author’s address.
  • Abstract (less than 200 words, italic), left align, and put title as ABSTRACT just above the abstract text
  • Keywords: Sentence case, comma separated (less than 7 in number) (Sentence case: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word)
  • Acknowledgment: Less than 100 words

     3. Subtitle (in all other pages)

  • Sentence case, bold, 12 font-size
  • Spacing for subtitle: before 6; after 6 (click little arrow next to ‘paragraph’ category under Home tab in Microsoft Word to do this)
  • Subtitle of subtitle (same as above with italic but without bold)
  1. All other text:
  • Line spacing: single
  • Alignment: justified
  • Font-size: 12
  • Paragraph spacing: before 6, after 6
  • Indentation (left): 0.5 inch for the first line in the paragraph
  • Font type: Times New Roman (throughout the text)
  1. References

Important: The references on the main text and in the reference list must match. The references on the main text should not be missing on the reference list, and vice versa. Double check this before submitting the manuscript.

The references in the main text should be cited as the last name of the author followed by the year of publication within the parenthesis, e.g., John (2014). If they are cited at the end of the sentence within a parenthesis, they should follow the format as (John, 2014; Hall, 2017; and Smith, 1982).

Using ‘et al.’ for more than two authors in main text citation (such as, John et al., 2014)

For 3 to 5 authors, use last names of all authors followed by year for the first citation in the main text, and then use first author’s last name and et al. followed by year in subsequent other citations in the main text for that reference. For more than 6 authors, use et al. everywhere in the main text. Note that in the reference list though, don’t use et al. but provide details on all authors as listed in other citations.

Listing procedure in the reference list:

  • Journal Article:

Author (Last Name), A. A., Author (Last Name), B. B., & Author (Last Name), C. C. (Year). Title of article (Sentence case). Title of Periodical (Italic), volume number (italic) (issue number), page numbers (without ‘pp.’). DOI (if any available)

  • Book:

Author (Last Name), A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work (Italic, Title Case). Location: Publisher.

  • Website:

Author (Last Name), A. A., & Author (Last Name), B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article (Sentence case). Title of Online Periodical (italic), volume number(italic) (issue number if available). Retrieved from

  • For other type of references, follow APA guidelines.

Note: Make sure that all references have been listed in alphabetical order.

  1. Table
  • Table title example: Table 1: (Title)
  • Title: Sentence case, 12 font-size, left align
  • Caption at the bottom of the table

Important: For the body of the table, follow vertical rule, that is, no side borders but only two borders on the top for the first row and one at the bottom of the table.

  1. Figure
  • Figure title example: Figure 1 (italic): (Title) (Put title on the bottom of the figure)
  • Title: Sentence case, 12 font-size, left align (NO italic)
  • Caption at the bottom of the figure
  1. Equation numbers
  • Arabic numerals inside parenthesis
  • Assign consecutively for all numbers
  • Align: right
  • No lines connecting equation and the equation number
  1. Appendices should show up before the references. They should be numbered using upper case roman numerals.
  2. The manuscript employs italics, rather than underlining when they are needed (except with URL addresses) and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed either in the text or at the end.
  3. Use footnotes, not the endnotes.

Note: You may want to take a look at our published articles in earlier issues for your guidance which are available at  



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