Journal of Development Innovations <p>The Journal of Development Innovations (JDI) is a double blind peer-reviewed international journal dedicated to promote innovative and creative ideas in the field of economic development, growth, and sustainability. The journal accepts articles from any field that relates to economic development and growth, spanning, for example, from environment and climate change to science and engineering. The journal is published online twice in a year by KarmaQuest International.</p> <p>The KarmaQuest International conducts research in its Innovation Lab whereas it applies the innovative ideas on the ground through its Impact Lab. Journal of Development Innovations is published under its Innovation Lab. Authors are requested to submit their innovative contributions so we can impact the world together in a positive way.</p> en-US (Bamadev Paudel) (Bamadev Paudel) Tue, 11 Jul 2023 03:50:25 +0000 OJS 60 Preparedness and Peak Performance for Mountaineering Tourists <p>A key “watch item” was identified by McDonald et al. (2015) in a study conducted in Nepal that a growing number of tourists arrive largely unprepared for mountain expedition thinking it is simply “a holiday.” They lack awareness and understanding of altitude risks, hypothermia, wind-chill, weather conditions and exposure. Tourists believe Sherpas, if hired, should oversee all aspects of their ascent and descent. At high altitude, mountaineering risk due to lack of skillsets, experience and preparedness can result in tragedy (e.g., accidents, injuries and death). In the same study, one action item suggested collecting and adapting readiness strategies of expert high-altitude climbers into a guidance document for adventure tourists. This review aims to move this idea forward by identifying readiness strategies and competencies of high-altitude mountaineers. Climbing-specific challenges are summarized and individual competencies for physical, technical and mental readiness are identified for high-altitude mountain climbers. In addition, 13 mountaineering performance indicators are isolated. Nepal has the opportunity to expand its mountain-tourism sector, and we offer stakeholders recommendations for developing practical tools and guidance for low-altitude mountaineering tourists based on high-altitude competencies. Implementing new guidance will improve safety, identify gaps in preparedness, and enhance the overall tourism experience.</p> Judy M. McDonald, Santa Man Rai, Shaunna Burke, Michael G. Tyshenko Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Development Innovations Tue, 11 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Nepal-India Cross Border Migration: Political and Economic Dimensions, Problems, and Implications <p>A policy framework is needed to respond to problems and challenges affecting Nepali migrant workers in India and Indian migrant workers in Nepal. People on both sides of the Nepal-India open border have been crossing in either direction for jobs or income. As there is no documentation/identification to cross the border, credible or official figure on the Nepali migrant workers in India and Indian migrant workers in Nepal are not available. Nor is there data on remittance inflows. On top of that, the coronavirus outbreak in December 2019 exposed the vulnerability of migrant workers. The paper looks at the political, economic, and demographic implications and prospects of Nepal-India migration.</p> Ganga Thapa, Jan Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Development Innovations Tue, 27 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000