Journal of Development Innovations <p>The Journal of Development Innovations (JDI) is a double blind peer-reviewed international journal dedicated to promote innovative and creative ideas in the field of economic development, growth, and sustainability. The journal accepts articles from any field that relates to economic development and growth, spanning, for example, from environment and climate change to science and engineering. The journal is published online twice in a year by KarmaQuest International.</p> <p>The KarmaQuest International conducts research in its Innovation Lab whereas it applies the innovative ideas on the ground through its Impact Lab. Journal of Development Innovations is published under its Innovation Lab. Authors are requested to submit their innovative contributions so we can impact the world together in a positive way.</p> en-US (Bamadev Paudel) (Bamadev Paudel) Fri, 30 Dec 2022 01:45:28 +0000 OJS 60 An Overview of Urban Soil Contamination and Need of Soil Quality Assessment Guidelines in Nepal <p><em>Soil contamination is a pertinent issue in the context of rapid urbanization, industrialization, and high input-based agricultural practise. In Nepal, rapid urbanization in major cities has caused urban soil contamination.</em> <em>Studies have demonstrated that soils in major urban areas contain several metals/metalloids in concentrations much higher than their background values (e.g., Cd – up to 111 ppm; Cr – up to 309 ppm; Zn – up to 1020 ppm). We reviewed the existing policies and regulations of Nepal related to soil contamination assessment and remediation, with a particular emphasis on urban soil. The legal framework of Nepal lacks a clear mandate, and there is a lack of soil quality assessment guidelines in directly addressing issues of soil contamination. In order to safeguard the environment and human health, national policies and legal frameworks must provide stringent guidelines to set the critical limits of soil contaminants. We recommend a federal approach that could be implemented to develop soil quality assessment guidelines to address source control, delineation and management of contaminated soils.</em></p> Birendra Sapkota, Roshan Babu Ojha, Hemu Kharel Kafle, Ambika Paudel, Shova Shrestha, Santa Man Rai, Sujan Maharjan Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Development Innovations Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Various technologies concerning arsenic removal filters in Nepal - some important considerations <p><em>Groundwater contaminated by arsenic (As) and used as drinking water caused serious health issues in many countries of Southeast Asia. Some of the districts in the lowlands of Nepal are affected by this As pollution. The widely used filter to remove As and to make the water potable is the so-called Kanchan filter (KAF) which is well known for its efficiency, affordability, and easy maintenance. Recent surveys revealed that some filters had a rather poor performance, therefore, alternatives have been proposed but are far from being suitable for the needs of the population in Nepal as their development is time consuming and laborious. A modified KAF version is presented here with excellent results concerning efficiency according to ample field trials including ICP-MS analyses of groundwater and filtered water. The findings clearly show that the lower sand bed has be exchanged on a yearly basis, the nails can be used for several years. Beyond that, the modified filters can still be produced using local material exclusively.</em></p> Barbara Mueller Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Development Innovations Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 An Overview of Global Transnational Land Trade: It is Legal but is it Ethical? <p style="font-weight: 400;"><em>Humans have an intrinsic relationship with land. Land, with its variety of natural resources, is the source of life on earth and cradle of human civilisation. Similarly, every State has an inherent relationship with land. People fight for their ancestral land. Countries go to war to protect its territorial integrity. Humans have advanced scientifically and technologically without limits. But a heavenly reality is that people’s link and countries' affiliation with land can never be erased. In recent years our capitalist economy is rising exponentially with global trade. Capitalism has put a monetary value on every object, and are being traded. In recent decades, the invisible hand of capitalism has extended its trade to land for transnational business with a low key approach. It is largely targeting arable lands and forestry resources in low- and mid-income countries for cultivating and mining benefits of the rich countries. The land once sold, people and countries lose ownership of their land for good. The transactions are all conducted legally but a larger question is, is it ethical? Its implications are that many of these countries have food security issues. Leaders everywhere talk about equity, equality and rights but seem mute on issues of land rights.</em></p> Ramesh Shrestha Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Development Innovations Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000